khil Malali DOWNLOAD PDF

Abstract The world is confronted with twin crisis of fossil fuel depletion and environment degradation. The indiscriminate extraction and consumption of fossil fuels has led to reduction in petroleum reserves. Petroleum based fuels are obtained from limited resources. These finite reserves are highly concentrated in certain region of the word. Therefore, those countries that do not have are facing a foreign exchange crisis, mainly due to the import of crude petroleum oil. Hence it is necessary to look for alternative fuels. Which can be produced from materials available within the country? In the present scenario, agricultural and food waste is increasingly being considered a valuable resource. The fuel properties namely flash and fire point, kinematic viscosity etc, were studied. It was found that the properties were quite comparable to the properties of the petroleum fuel. By using agricultural waste to produce bio-ethanol, it reduces the cost of production and environmental impact related to the disposal of wastes.